MALU appliance

The term MALU is an abbreviation for mandibular advancement locking unit. This appliance is nothing more than a hybrid of the Herbst-Appliance. Contrary to the Herbst-Appliance MALU is used in ...

Mandibular prognathism (Angle class III)

Overgrowth of the lower jaw that is often associated with underdevelopment of the upper jaw or even the entire midface and a crossbite (inverted overbite) of the front teeth. The ...

Mandibular protrusion splint

It’s a removable appliance which temporarily moves the lower jaw forward. It is used to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring.

Mandibular retrognathism

The back bite of the lower jaw or the lower row of teeth, also called distal occlusion or Angle Class II.


Abbreviation for myoarthropathy of the masticatory system commonly used in Switzerland, see there


The Mandibular Anterior Repositioning Appliance (MARA) was invented by James Eckhart and Douglas Toll. It’s a fixed appliance that is used for a protrusion of the lower jaw (Angle-Class II, ...


See Multiloop Edgewise Archwire Technique


Mediotrusion describes the mesial movement of the mandible. Adults normally show a range of movement from 8 mm to 12 mm. This can differ without being an illness value. Different values on the left ...


Mesial is a directional term for: in the direction of the center of the dental arch.

Mesial Occlusion

This refers to an overbite in the lower jaw and is often associated with a cross-bite in the front teeth (Angle-Class III).


This term refers to an excess tooth in the middle of the upper jaw. Whereas in the past, it was taught that excess teeth had to be extracted, today there is a more relaxed attitude towards them. As ...


The Mandibular Functional Advancer, abbreviated MFA, is based on the MARA appliance, having only been slightly modified and working on the same principle (see MARA).

Mini Implants

Orthodontic mini implants (modified surgical screws) are used as temporary anchorage devices for special tooth movements. This is a technique that was developed in the 1990’s and refers to an ...

Mixed dentition

It describes the human dentition of children at the age of 6 to 11 years with milk teeth and first permanent teeth present.


The three large posterior teeth that have four or five cusps and bear the main masticatory stress.


MRT is the abbreviation for Magnetic Resonance Tomography which is a high-resolution imaging procedure that doesn’t use X-rays. Instead, it makes use of a strong magnetic field and, unlike normal ...

MSA – Bumann

: MSA which is an abbreviation for Manual Structural Analysis was introduced by A. Bumann and is a series of manual techniques for the examination of the mandibular joints and the chewing ...


This is an outdated name for a multi-bracket appliance as these appliances are mainly fixed to the teeth with brackets and not with bands as they used to be. This misleading term is still widely ...


The Multiloop Edgewise Archwire Technique (MEAW) was invented by Y. H. Kim in Korea and is a treatment technique involving fixed appliances. The Multiloop Technique was further spread and ...

Myoarthropathies of the masticatory system

Common name for painful disorders of the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joints mainly used in Switzerland. In Germany, the term "craniomandibular dysfunction" (CMD) is rather common, but ...


Myobrace are a series of simple, prefabricated orthodontic appliances that all resemble a positioner. They have been marketed by the company Myofunctional Research since about 2010 with increasing ...

Myofascial Pain

Travell’s and Simon's term for muscle and fascia pain, usually referred to as trigger point pain, with frequent projection into adjacent anatomical regions. Often misunderstood in dentistry and ...