TAD

Temporary anchorage device – see mini implants.

Tartar (dental calculus)

It consists of minerals from the saliva and dental plaque. It is mostly deposited supragingival or in the interdental space. Most of the times, tartar (dental calculus) is detected on the insides ...

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

TMJ - the paired joint that connects the lower jaw with the skull. It is a rotational gliding joint consisting of the bony pit of the skull and the articular process of the mandible, a joint ...

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Diagnosis

The most common TMJ disorders can be diagnosed by simple, inexpensive means such as taking a detailed medical history, a dental examination, and a short special examination of the joints. These are ...

Teuscher-Activator

This is one of the numerous appliances that combines a traditional Activator with a Headgear and strap that is attached via a head cap. The Teuscher-Activator is mainly worn just at night and, ...

The bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO):

The bilateral sagittal split osteotomy is a orthognathic surgery technique regarding the splitting of the mandible on both sides in a sagittal direction on the ascending dental branches. The ...

Tieback

Active elements with elastomeric modules or tension springs which are clipped onto the multi-bracket appliance in order to promote space closure in the posterior region.

Tip-Edge Technique

This is a technique that is based on the Begg-Technique and involves a bracket that, on the one hand, makes it possible to achieve tilting movements of the teeth like with the classical ...

TMA

This abbreviation stands for Titanium Molybden Alloy which is a Beta-Titanium alloy made from titanium and molybden and is manufactured by Ormco. This alloy is often used to manufacture orthodontic ...

TMD

TMD is the abbreviation of Temporo-Mandibular Dysfunction, which is a synonym to Cranio-Mandibular Dysfunction. (See CMD).

Tongue frenulum

The tongue frenulum is a delicate mucous fold that connects the tongue base to the mouth floor and limits the mobility of the tongue. In rare cases, the tongue frenulum is too short which can lead ...

Tongue Spikes Braces

These are fixed, pointed metal elements which are usually attached to the inside of the lower incisors to prevent the tongue from getting stuck between the teeth. If the tongue does get into this ...

Tooth-organ-function-system

Tooth-organ-function-systems are assumed by representatives of alternative medicine. Medical schemes, which show a connection between a tooth and a special inner organ appear to be circulating in ...

Torque

Torque refers to the axial position of teeth in orovestibular direction, this mostly refers to the axial position of the front teeth – tilted back or forth.

TPA

TPA is the abbreviation of Transpalatal Arch. (See Transpalatal Arch)

Trans-Palatal Arch

The Trans-Palatal Arch (TPA), also known as Goshgarian arch, is a wire element attached to the first molars in the upper jaw. The TPA is made up of stainless steel wire with a diameter of 0.9mm and ...

Transpalatal Arch (TPA)

The transpalatal arch (TPA), also known as Goshgarian arch, is a wire element attached to the first molars in the upper jaw. The transpalatal arch is made up of stainless steel wire with a diameter ...

Trigeminal nerve

The trigeminal nerve is the 5th cranial nerve which innervates major parts of the face.

Tube

English term for the tubes that are bonded to the molars as part of the multi-bracket appliance. Since the multibracket-appliance has been mainly developed in the USA, the English terms bracket and ...

Twinblock

The Twinblock was first introduced by W. Clark and is the last and, probably, most powerful development of numerous double plates. These are, in principle composed of a maxillary and mandibular ...